What is Multisensory Structured Language (MSL)?

What does MSL, OG, SL stand for?

MSL stands for Multisensory Structured Language. OG stands for Orton-Gillingham. SL stands for Structured Literacy.They are all based on the same principles of instruction required for effective reading instruction. The BIG 6 of the National Reading Panel (US).

What is meant by Multisensory teaching?

Multisensory teaching is one important aspect of instruction for dyslexic students that is used by clinically trained teachers. Effective instruction for students with dyslexia is what all student require that is instruction that is direct & explicit, structured & systematic, cumulative, cognitive,intensive, emotionally sound and focused on meaningfully taking speech to print. The multisensory component involves the use of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic-tactile pathways simultaneously to enhance memory and learning of written language. A skilled MSL educator provides direct instruction to ensure links are consistently made between the visual (language we see), auditory (language we hear/perceive), and kinesthetic-tactile (language symbols we feel) pathways in learning to read and spell.

Margaret Byrd Rawson, a former President of the International Dyslexia Association (IDA), explains how the multisensory component is required for students with dyslexia (although this approach assists all learners):

Students with dyslexia need to be taught, slowly and thoroughly, the basic elements of their language—the sounds and the letters which represent them—and how to put these together and take them apart. They have to have lots of practice in having their writing hands, eyes, ears, and voices working together for conscious organization and retention of their learning. 

The training courses delivered by IMSLE (Australia) have been adapted, the courses are dynamic and evolving. IMSLE courses have been adapted to reflect best practice in the science of reading. The Associate MSL course offered is based on peer reviewed research in the fields of language, literacy and linguistics. Continuing interests in educational and scientific research ensures that all IMSLE courses are strongly focused on bridging scientific research to educational practice. MSL instruction is suitable for all students regardless of the cause who are struggling to master written print.

Read: Effective Reading Instruction

Reference IDA Fact Sheet